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Founded in 1670 as the capital city of the Carolina Colony, Charleston has had a colorful, turbulent history. From the first major naval battle of the Revolution to the opening shots of the Civil War, it has embodied the American experience in a uniquely visible way. An architectural showplace from its inception, Charleston has also been a national leader in Historic Preservation, protecting entire neighborhoods of 18th and 19th century buildings. Welcome to an online exploration of its remarkable heritage.