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1670-1720: The Proprietors' Fortress
 

1670 – (March 15) The Carolina arrives in Seewee Bay, and proceeds to anchor at the north end of Bull's Island.

1670 – (April) Charles Town is founded as the capital city of Carolina, across the Ashley River from its current site on the main peninsula.

1672 – Charles Town is reported to consist of 30 houses and some 200-300 settlers

1680 – (April 30) The Richmond arrives carrying the first large group of French Huguenots.

1685 – (October) Louis XIV revokes the Edict of Nantes, which had guaranteed the rights of Huguenots in France. This revocation accelerates the emmigration of French Huguenots to Charleston.

1690 – Charles Town is officially moved to current site on the peninsula. Population is estimated at 1,200, making it the fifth largest city in North America.

1693 – "Liberty of Conscience" substantiated, reaffirming the right of locals to worship as they please.

1695 City walls and six bastions are built about this time

1695 – Possible year of construction of the John Lining House at 106 Broad St., the oldest surviving frame building in Charleston.

1698 – (Oct 8) Increasing importation of African slaves prompts a law providing cash incentive for bringing white servants into Carolina.

1700 – Charles Town has grown into a major trading center; plantations appear inland along the rivers.

1700 – (Sept 1) Hurricane of 1700 strikes the city

1700 – (Nov 16) City Assembly establishes a tax-supported free library, possibly the first public library in America. It operates for 14 years.

1704 – First known map of the Walled City: the Crisp Map of 1704.

1706 – (Sept 2) Joint French and Spanish attack upon Charles Town during Queen Anne's War is repulsed when Colonial forces capture French vessel and crew.

1710 Powder Magazine at 79 Cumberland St. and Pink House Tavern at 17 Chalmers St. built about this time.

1712 Rhett Mansion is built at 54 Hasell St.

1712 – The territory of Carolina is divided into North and South, each having its own governor.

1713 – (Sept 5) Hurricane of 1713 strikes the city.

1715 – Yemassee Indian War lasts two years in Carolina

1717 – City begins to remove fortifications to allow for expansion.

1718Blackbeard the Pirate sails into Charles Town Harbor with four ships; takes hostages for ransom. Also in this year, the pirate Stede Bonnet is hanged at White Point.

1719 – Failure of Lords Proprietors to protect colonists from various threats results in a Revolutionary Assembly. Citizens petition the King to take over the reins of government.