1670 – (March 15) The Carolina arrives in Seewee Bay, and proceeds to anchor at the north end of Bull's Island.
1670 – (April) Charles Town is founded as the capital city of Carolina, across the Ashley River from its current site on the main peninsula.
1672 – Charles Town is reported to consist of 30 houses and some 200-300 settlers
1680 – (April 30) The Richmond arrives carrying the first large group of French Huguenots.
1685 – (October) Louis XIV revokes the Edict of Nantes, which had guaranteed the rights of Huguenots in France. This revocation accelerates the emmigration of French Huguenots to Charleston.
1690 – Charles Town is officially moved to current site on the peninsula. Population is estimated at 1,200, making it the fifth largest city in North America.
1693 – "Liberty of Conscience" substantiated, reaffirming the right of locals to worship as they please.
1695 – City walls and six bastions are built about this time
1695 – Possible year of construction of the John Lining House at 106 Broad St., the oldest surviving frame building in Charleston.
1698 – (Oct 8) Increasing importation of African slaves prompts a law providing cash incentive for bringing white servants into Carolina.
1700 – Charles Town has grown into a major trading center; plantations appear inland along the rivers.
1700 – (Sept 1) Hurricane of 1700 strikes the city
1700 – (Nov 16) City Assembly establishes a tax-supported free library, possibly the first public library in America. It operates for 14 years.
1704 – First known map of the Walled City: the Crisp Map of 1704.
1706 – (Sept 2) Joint French and Spanish attack upon Charles Town during Queen Anne's War is repulsed when Colonial forces capture French vessel and crew.
1710 – Powder Magazine at 79 Cumberland St. and Pink House Tavern at 17 Chalmers St. built about this time.
1712 – Rhett Mansion is built at 54 Hasell St.
1712 – The territory of Carolina is divided into North and South, each having its own governor.
1713 – (Sept 5) Hurricane of 1713 strikes the city.
1715 – Yemassee Indian War lasts two years in Carolina
1717 – City begins to remove fortifications to allow for expansion.
1718 – Blackbeard the Pirate sails into Charles Town Harbor with four ships; takes hostages for ransom. Also in this year, the pirate Stede Bonnet is hanged at White Point.
1719 – Failure of Lords Proprietors to protect colonists from various threats results in a Revolutionary Assembly. Citizens petition the King to take over the reins of government.
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